Wine is an open-source, free and easy-to-use program that enables Linux users to run Windows-based applications on Unix-like operating systems. Wine is a compatibility layer for installing almost all versions of Windows programs.
Wine 6.0 is finally released and it comes with an array of numerous enhancements and a total of 40 bug fixes. You can find out all the new features and changelog of this new release on the Wine announcement project page.
This article describes a few easy steps to install the latest stable version of Wine 6.0 under Debian 10/9, Ubuntu 20.04-18.04, and Linux Mint 20-19 systems, and also we will see how to configure wine, install windows software, and Un-install.
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Installation of Wine 6.0 on Debian, Ubuntu, and Linux Mint
If you are looking to have the most recent version of the Wine 6.0 stable series, you have to use a new Wine repository PPA which offers both development versions and stable versions of Wine for Debian, Ubuntu, and Linux Mint.
Install Wine on Ubuntu and Linux Mint
To install Wine 6.0 on Ubuntu and Linux Mint, open the terminal by hitting
'CTRL + ALT + T‘ from the desktop and run the following commands to install it:
----------------- On Ubuntu & Linux Mint ----------------- $ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 [Enable 32-bit Arch] $ wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key $ sudo apt-key add winehq.key $ sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main' [Ubuntu 20.04 & Linux Mint 20] $ sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main' [Ubuntu 18.04 & Linux Mint 19.x] $ sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main' [Ubuntu 16.04 & Linux Mint 18.x] $ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable
If you get the error “winehq-stable : Depends: wine-stable (= 6.0.0~bionic)“, while installing wine, you need to add the following PPA to fix the error.
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cybermax-dexter/sdl2-backport $ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable
Install Wine on Debian
To install Wine on Debian.
$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 $ wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key $ sudo apt-key add winehq.key
Next add the following repository to /etc/apt/sources.list or create a *.list under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ with the following content.
deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ buster main [Debian 10 (Buster)] deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ stretch main Debian 9 (Stretch)
Now update the package repository database and install Wine as shown.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable
Installing Wine Using Source Code on Debian, Ubuntu & Mint
Another way to get the most recent stable version of Wine (i.e. 6.0 as of now), is to build wine from source tarball using the following commands.
$ wget https://dl.winehq.org/wine/source/6.0/wine-6.0.tar.xz $ tar -xvf wine-6.0.tar.xz $ cd wine-6.0/ $ sudo ./configure $ sudo ./configure --enable-win64 [For 64-bit platform] $ sudo make && sudo make install
How to Use Wine to Run Windows Apps & Games
To demonstrate how we can run Windows program using wine, we have downloaded Rufus
.exe file from the official Rufus download page.
To run Windows Rufus executable file, run the command:
$ wine rufus-3.13.exe
Once you run the program, Wine will start creating a configuration file in the user home directory, in this case,
~/.wine as shown.
During Wine configuration, it will as you to install the wine-mono-package which is required by .NET applications, click the ‘Install’ button.
The download will soon start.
Additionally, it will also ask you to install the Gecko package which is required by applications embedding HTML.
Choose whether you want to check for application updates from time to time.
Finally, the Rufus will be displayed as shown.
We have successfully installed Wine on Debian, Ubuntu, and Linux Mint and shown you a preview of how you can run Windows applications in a Linux environment.
Uninstalling Wine in Debian, Ubuntu, and Linux Mint
If you are not happy with the wine program, you can remove it completely by using the following command.
$ sudo apt purge winehq-stable
You can also download the Wine source package for other Linux distributions from the wine download page.