15 Practical Examples of ‘echo’ command in Linux

The echo command is one of the most commonly and widely used built-in commands for Linux bash and C shells, that typically used in a scripting language and batch files to display a line of text/string on standard output or a file.

echo command
echo command examples

The syntax for the echo command is:

echo [option(s)] [string(s)]

1. Input a line of text and display it on standard output

$ echo Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

Outputs the following text:

Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

2. Declare a variable and echo its value. For example, Declare a variable of x and assign its value=10.

$ x=10

echo its value:

$ echo The value of variable x = $x The value of variable x = 10 

Note: The ‘-e‘ option in Linux acts as an interpretation of escaped characters that are backslashed.

3. Using option ‘b‘ – backspace with backslash interpretor ‘-e‘ which removes all the spaces in between.

$ echo -e "Tecmint bis ba bcommunity bof bLinux bNerds" TecmintisacommunityofLinuxNerds 

4. Using option ‘n‘ – New line with backspace interpretor ‘-e‘ treats new line from where it is used.

$ echo -e "Tecmint nis na ncommunity nof nLinux nNerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

5. Using option ‘t‘ – horizontal tab with backspace interpretor ‘-e‘ to have horizontal tab spaces.

$ echo -e "Tecmint tis ta tcommunity tof tLinux tNerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

6. How about using option new Line ‘n‘ and horizontal tab ‘t‘ simultaneously.

$ echo -e "ntTecmint ntis nta ntcommunity ntof ntLinux ntNerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

7. Using option ‘v‘ – vertical tab with backspace interpretor ‘-e‘ to have vertical tab spaces.

$ echo -e "vTecmint vis va vcommunity vof vLinux vNerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

8. How about using option new Line ‘n‘ and vertical tab ‘v‘ simultaneously.

$ echo -e "nvTecmint nvis nva nvcommunity nvof nvLinux nvNerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds 

Note: We can double the vertical tab, horizontal tab, and new line spacing using the option two times or as many times as required.

9. Using option ‘r‘ – carriage return with backspace interpretor ‘-e‘ to have specified carriage return in output.

$ echo -e "Tecmint ris a community of Linux Nerds" is a community of Linux Nerds 

10. Using option ‘c‘ – suppress trailing new line with backspace interpretor ‘-e‘ to continue without emitting new line.

$ echo -e "Tecmint is a community cof Linux Nerds" Tecmint is a community [email protected]:~$ 

11. Omit echoing trailing new line using the option ‘-n‘.

$ echo -n "Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux [email protected]:~/Documents$ 

12. Using option ‘a‘ – alert return with backspace interpretor ‘-e‘ to have the sound alert.

$ echo -e "Tecmint is a community of aLinux Nerds" Tecmint is a community of Linux Nerds

Note: Make sure to check the Volume key, before firing.

13. Print all the files/folders using echo command (ls command alternative).

$ echo * 103.odt 103.pdf 104.odt 104.pdf 105.odt 105.pdf 106.odt 106.pdf 107.odt 107.pdf 108a.odt 108.odt 108.pdf 109.odt 109.pdf 110b.odt 110.odt 110.pdf 111.odt 111.pdf 112.odt 112.pdf 113.odt linux-headers-3.16.0-customkernel_1_amd64.deb linux-image-3.16.0-customkernel_1_amd64.deb network.jpeg 

14. Print files of a specific kind. For example, let’s assume you want to print all ‘.jpeg‘ files, use the following command.

$ echo *.jpeg network.jpeg 

15. The echo can be used with a redirect operator to output to a file and not standard output.

$ echo "Test Page" > testpage ## Check Content
[email protected]:~$ cat testpage Test Page 
echo Options
 Options  Description
 -n  do not print the trailing newline.
 -e  enable interpretation of backslash escapes.
 b  backspace
 \  backslash
 n  new line
 r  carriage return
 t  horizontal tab
 v  vertical tab

That’s all for now and don’t forget to provide us with your valuable feedback in the comments below.

Posted by Contributor